The rapidly disappearing generations of technology – News Cosmos

As a new year approaches, most of us have new expectations and are looking for new opportunities on the horizon. New projections to assess our personal, family and societal situation during 2023 and beyond. All in an era when everything is changing at the speed of light, or in line with technological progress.

Before we achieve anything, we need to lay a solid foundation upon which this future can be built. It is always a privilege to admit and to make second nature the statements: (a) I don’t know, (b) I’m happy to fail in trying, and (c) I like what I’m going to work on, and not necessarily in that order.

Also, we should strive to find the means that we will use to take us to our much desired goals. Usually, if not always, new technology plays an essential role in individual or organizational advancement. We generally look at technology to determine what defines the current computing revolution and industrial generations.

Scientifically speaking, the truth is that we have already passed the fourth generation in computing, which is being discussed all over the world as the era when technology has reached an acceptable stage; Computers that run on wires are mechanical machines and equipment that interact with humans. What really marks the end of fourth generation computing is the invention of robotics. We’ve been able to achieve a lot, clearer, and safer in recent years, with bots. There is no doubt about that. But we often wonder what the next generation is. Where are we heading? Do we really discover inventions when we examine and discuss progress, or do we follow a predetermined plan?

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The general view is that the technological generations are defined by the following periods (related to but not entirely consistent with the generations of the Industrial Revolution):

1) From 1940 to 1956 when we started with vacuum tubes and ended up with giant calculators.

2) 1957 to 1963 when we introduced transistor technology to replace vacuum tubes.

3) 1964 to 1971 when integrated circuits (IC) were introduced and are still used today.

4) From 1972 to 2010 when microprocessors were invented (microprocessors are chips inside integrated circuits that perform computations at unprecedented speeds). Introduction to the first home computers, IBM brought with input and output devices, such as keyboard / mouse (input), monitor / printer, etc. (output). This generation has improved our understanding of what computing power is and how it is used.

5) 2010 to today. What determines and generates today’s computing revolution is not yet clear. We are not at the point where we can say we understand exactly where this is leading us. We have introduced large-scale AI (artificial intelligence) and quantum computing, things that we don’t yet fully understand publicly. It is desirable for the audience to understand technological progress.

I’d like to make an important entry here, with a comment aimed at the organizers who designate the five technology generations mentioned above declaring the existence of computing devices prior to 1940. As far as I’m concerned, the organizers decided to name this year as the beginning of the technology generations, because they lacked historical knowledge, or their understanding For ancient developments in technology it was very limited. It’s like someone saying, “Before I knew, there was nothing.” or the moderation of Gorgias who holds that “to know anything outside one’s own mind is uncertain or may not exist.”

The question arises, and if we accept the five generations mentioned above, where do the regulators place the Antikythera Mechanism (invented by the Hellenes between 220 to 150 BC)? And before that, the Minoan-Era Eclipse calculator (c. 1500 BC).

To better explain ourselves, we need to define what a computer is. The way I define it, a computer is a man-made device that can process and store data. It does not matter if it is an electronic, mechanical or hydraulic device. In fact, if you google it, you’ll get this answer: “A computer is an electronic device that stores and manipulates data, usually in binary form, according to instructions given to it…” – oh the binary form, i.e. “on” or “bits” off placed in order to make up a byte. Is that when computing began? Or did we change the definition then? An electronic device? So, if there is anything non-electronic that can process and store data, isn’t it a computer?

Well, the Minoan-Era Eclipse calculator, invented during the Minoan period, calculated lunar and solar eclipses under the correct settings, and as a sundial or tool for determining geographic latitude. The Antikythera mechanism predicted astronomical locations and eclipses in advance. Then the astrolabe that precedes the Antikythera mechanism (invented around 170 BC). Likewise, for the other two, this challenge could address many challenges in astronomy.

At this point it must be said that the ancient mechanisms mentioned above were more accurately defined as analog computers, but they were computers, nonetheless even if they were not electronic.

Hence, in my view, we have already passed the fifth generation of technology, and we are moving into the sixth generation, since the first period could be before 1940 as defined by the regulators or “experts” above.

Let’s not quarrel about generations. What we have to quarrel about is something else, far more important, and far more valuable to our future well-being. In fact, the general public has no idea what is contemporary in technology today. Most of us are looking for the next app on our smart devices. The great need is to know exactly what is being invented these days, behind closed doors and behind guarded buildings with thick concrete walls.

The public is entitled to fully understand cryptocurrencies, and what benefit they can bring to our world. The public also needs to understand quantum computing. Why should the likes of Elon Mask have the right to decide which chips to people’s brains? Who will control and even check the deeper functions or programs (series of commands) in these integrated circuits? How can a single entity or person be allowed to control knowledge even if they have the funds to support that control?

Traditionally, large organizations do not intend to disclose information about their invention as invention and advances in technology mean research and lots and lots of funding. In this way only the very rich and powerful can control this revolution, which in my opinion is not entirely correct. Mostly because it concentrates the power over humanity’s progress or demise on a very few, and thus can be easily manipulated.

But who will teach and encourage the audience to find the right answers? Do we need a broader discussion? Should we legislate against any individual or organization that does not disclose its true intentions? Do we have here symbolism like Plato’s cave?

A slew of questions including how important it is to recognize that we don’t need to fight new technology, because computing devices are just tools. A tool in the wrong hands can incite devastating destruction, while in the right hands a revolution can bring about humanity, greatly accelerating progress.

The fifth generation of computing has already arrived at that time. It has brought with it an artificial intelligence that we have no idea where it will lead us. In a previous article titled “The Psychological Part of Artificial Intelligence” published in News Kosmos in September 2021 you indicated:

The biggest challenge lies in two factors:

(1) How does humanity accept such clever tools and

(2) As a result of the conflict between the human race and artificial intelligence, which humans are already lagging behind in many areas. “

Bitcoin cryptocurrency. Photo: Giovanni Weerasinghe/Unsplash

However, in 2021, I realized a lot less about technological advancement than I do now. Being in the field of technology development as a profession it is necessary to keep up with all the technological developments. One does not necessarily need to know everything (a human being will never be able to know everything). The question is whether machine and artificial intelligence will be able to achieve this?

What would work for the common good as new technology always wins out. Whether we accept and use it, find our own little revolution or decide to do without it, new technology wins out in the end. In addition, the clash between the old and the new, even if it is controversial and full of heated exchanges, only improves the shortcomings of technology. It does nothing to deter many from using and promoting it. Most importantly, whoever understands and uses culture change is a winner.

I have neither the intention nor the space to cover cryptocurrencies and blockchain technologies here, but I will at some point in the future. Like everyone else, I need to accept I don’t know before I have a chance to learn. Many journalists and commentators come out to announce detailed knowledge in matters of blockchain technology. Many make mistakes and dismiss it, most of the time because they use failed logic and past experiences to judge it. New technologies need a new approach, not outdated thinking that has failed us in the past.

Challenges in technology are not related to the technological revolution, these belong to the past. And don’t think that cryptocurrency is destroyed in 2022, that’s the end of it. These are important future mechanisms that (a) we don’t fully understand yet and (b) we haven’t regulated enough to make them safe.

Some help is on the way. We have most of the largest countries in the world now organizing. With a simple google search for European cryptocurrency laws that have already been published, people can access, read and understand them. There are still a few countries that restrict the use of cryptocurrencies. The world is preparing to accept them.

Australia, on the other hand, lags behind in terms of government regulation. The Australian government has historically taken a minimally intrusive approach to regulating cryptocurrencies. In fact, they haven’t done much and really feel like waiting for the bigger countries to regulate first. But they are all not internationally consistent and no recognized laws have been agreed upon; This is why we are seeing such incredible volatility around the world.

Personally, I haven’t read all the regulations, there are hundreds or thousands of pages, all over the world, but what I’ve actually read I don’t like. As one of those old IT programmers before the Internet even existed, we started our lives with ambitions and scope to change this world. Finally, we’re just done letting technology lead us into the future. We understood that it is very difficult to make any change of direction. It takes a lot of pain and sacrifice and it must be a concerted effort. Should we start over from scratch? I still do not know. Some have more responsibility than others, we are not all equal in disclosure and advisory responsibility. Do we need to hold those in the know accountable?

Then again “We’re trying to orchestrate the future with failed past assumptions about technology” astrophysicist Manos Danizis laments, continuing “Those in the know, they need to let everyone know. That’s what democracy is.”

* Iakovos Garivaldis OAM is an IBM Certified Solutions Expert – U2 AppDev, Adm

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