We will exceed 1.5°C of global warming

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The world will not be able to avoid exceeding the target set in the 2015 Paris climate agreement to limit global warming to 1.5°C compared to pre-industrial levels, according to Bill Gates.

Billionaire philanthropist and Microsoft The co-founder answered a Reddit user’s question on Wednesday with a range of questions about climate change. Gates made his fortune by launching the software company Microsoft, but has since launched the nuclear innovation company TerraPower and an investment company, Breakthrough Energy, to support various innovations related to climate change. He has written a book on climate change, How to Avoid Climate Disasters. .

“The pace of innovation is really picking up even though we’re not going to make current timescales or avoid going beyond 1.5,” Gates wrote in response to a question about how well the world is responding to climate change.

Gates is not alone in his view. A report released at the end of October from the United Nations Environment Program found that “there is no reliable path to 1.5°C”.

Gates also said that efforts to mitigate the effects of unstable climate change will “slow the progress we are making in improving the human condition.” He noted that in some parts of the world more than 10% of children die before the age of five and more than 30% do not have enough to eat.

Despite Gates’ tough outlook, he also maintains a measure of optimism: “I still think we can avoid a terrible outcome,” he said.

TerraPower’s advanced nuclear reactors use liquid sodium as a coolant and uranium as a fuel source.

“We’re making excellent progress,” Gates said, while also acknowledging that the Ukraine war had put a wrench in TerraPower’s plans because the reactors were planned to run on fuel that came from Russia and that relationship was no longer viable.

The first TerraPower plant is slated for Wyoming and is scheduled to be online by 2030, Gates said. “This could contribute significantly to climate challenges because it would be very low cost and safe,” Gates wrote.

Where the production of electricity is responsible for 27% of emissions, growing things like plants and animals are responsible for 19% of emissions, as detailed by Gates in his climate book.

Gates has supported several companies making meat-free products, including Beyond Meat and Impossible Foods, he told Reddit users. Gates said he also supports Memphis Meats (which has since been renamed as Upside Foods), which takes cells from real animals and grows the products in lab settings.

“I think ultimately these products are going to be very good even though their share is small today,” Gates told Reddit. Gates said it’s important to devise alternative ways of producing meat alternatives and climate-conscious ways because “for people who want to go vegan, that’s great, but I don’t think most people will.”

Beyond the diet, Gates generally supports the theory that creating cost-effective clean energy alternatives is the best way to combat climate change. “The key climate factor is making clean products as cheap as dirty products in every area of ​​emissions – aircraft, concrete, meat, etc,” Gates said on Reddit. “This is the only way we can demand change from all countries in the world. If it costs too much, we won’t succeed.”

While innovation is the primary tool that humans have to deal with to counter climate change, according to Gates, everyone can contribute to mitigating the effects of climate change, he said.

“You are voter, consumer, giver, and worker. You can help in each of these roles,” Gates wrote.

Buying an electric car is something individuals can do, as are “a little extra” payment options to offset the emissions generated when traveling, which Gates does with all his emissions for himself and his family.

“We need climate support from both ends of the United States and across all countries,” Gates said. Also, “staying upbeat is a good thing!”

How does nuclear energy change?

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